National Standardization Bodies
There are four main standards making bodies of India,
- Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
- Telecom Engineering Centre (TEC)
- Telecommunications Standards Development Society of India (TSDSI).
- Automotive Research Association of India
Bureau of Indian Standards
BIS is the National Standard Body of India established under the BIS Act 2016 for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and quality assurance of goods, articles, processes, systems and services.
Functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Govt. of India, major activities of BIS includes:
- Standards Formulation
- Product Certification Scheme
- Compulsory Registration Scheme
- Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme
- Hall Marking Scheme
- Laboratory Services
- Laboratory Recognition Scheme
- Sale of Indian Standards
- Consumer Affairs Activities
- Promotional Activities
- Training Services, National & International level
- Information Services
For formulation of Indian Standards, BIS functions through the Technical Committee structure comprising of Sectional Committees, Subcommittees and Panels set up for dealing with specific group of subjects under respective Division Councils.
As a policy, the standards formulation activity of BIS has been harmonized as far as possible with the relevant standards as laid down by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). BIS, being a signatory to the ‘Code of Good Practice for the preparation, adoption and application of standards (Article 4 of WTO-TBT Agreement, Annex 3)’ has also accordingly aligned its standards formulation procedure. BIS also formulates special publications including handbooks.
There are more than 19500 standards formulated by BIS so far through about 1000 technical committees involving more than 15000 experts. These standards are subject to periodic review resulting in their reaffirmation, amendment, revision or withdrawal as may be required.
Conformity Assessment activities:
BIS is operating different schemes for conformity assessment of products including Hallmarking of gold and silver jewellery and artefacts.
Product Certification Scheme of BIS aims at providing Third Party assurance of quality, safety and reliability of products to the customer. The presence of BIS Certification Mark, known as Standard Mark, on a product is an assurance of conformity to respective Indian Standards. Although, the scheme itself is voluntary in nature, the Government of India, on considerations of public health and safety, security, infrastructure requirements and mass consumption has enforced mandatory certification on various products through Orders issued from time to time under various Acts.
To support the product certification scheme, which requires testing of products on regular basis for checking conformity to the relevant Indian Standards, BIS has established a network of laboratories. For list of laboratories click here
BIS is operating Compulsory Registration Scheme (CRS) for Electronics & IT Goods as per the provision of Chapter IVA of The Bureau of Indian Standards Rules, 2018 for the product categories notified by Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY). Click here for list of product categories.
Registration Department located in BIS Head Quarters at New Delhi is granting Registration under Compulsory Registration Scheme.
For further information please visit: bis.gov.in
Telecom Engineering Centre
The Telecommunication Engineering Center (TEC) with its headquarters in New Delhi is a technical body and a nodal agency of the Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications, Government of India responsible for drawing up of standards, generic requirements, interface requirements, service requirements and specifications for telecom products, services and networks. It has four Regional Centres in New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Bangalore. TEC functions are as below:
- It is a technical body representing the interest of Department of Telecom, Government of India.
- Specification of common standards with regard to Telecom network equipment, services and interoperability.
- Prepare and Publish Generic Requirements (GRs), Interface Requirements (IRs) and Service Requirements (SR).
- Issuing Interface Approvals, Certificate of Approvals, Service Approvals & Type Approvals.
- Formulation of Standards and Fundamental Technical Plans.
- Interact with multilateral agencies like APT, ETSI and ITU etc. for standardization.
- Develop expertise to imbibe the latest technologies and results of R&D.
- Provide technical support to DOT and technical advice to TRAI & TDSAT.
- Coordinate with C-DOT on the technological developments in the Telecom Sector for policy planning
TEC publishes several documents covering interface requirements (IR’s), generic requirements (GR’s), mandatory regulatory standards covering infrastructure and services. These specifications cover the functional areas of fixed line access, mobile telephony, network, next generation networks, information technology, radio transmission, switching, transmission, service application and other miscellaneous areas of telecom. These various specifications are drawn up through a process of consultation with various stakeholders like vendors, operators, and other interested parties.
A draft specification is first drawn up by the concerned functional division within TEC and circulated amongst various stakeholders. Comments/objections are sought from the interested parties at a common meeting. The revised draft is then formulated incorporating some or all the comments and a final version is arrived at which becomes a public document. The process usually takes several weeks.
Divisions of TEC: The main divisions / Functional areas;
- Access Lab
- Control Lab (CL)
- Customer Premises Equipments & Terminals Lab (CPE & TL)
- Fixed Access (FA)
- Future Networks (FN)
- Green Passport
- Information Technology (IT)
- Internet of Things (IoT)
- Mobile Technologies (MT)
- Next Generation Switching (NGS)
- Radio (R)
- Regional Coordination (RC)
- Smart Network
- Telecom Certification (TC)
- Telecom Lab (TL)
- Telecom Security (TS)
- Transmission (T)
Standardization activities at TEC: Standardization division in Telecom Engineering Centre (TEC) coordinates cross-sectoral standardization activities, apart from usual standardization and pre-standardization work of telecom sector. This also include Policy formulation of adoption/ratification of TSDSI/International Standards into National Standards, setting up of National Accreditation Board for Telecommunication (NABT), etc.
The List of Technical specifications including Standards published by TEC can be accessed at http://www.tec.gov.in/complete-list/
For more information please visit Website: http:// www.tec.gov.in
Telecommunication Standards Development Society for India (TSDSI)
Formally, Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India (TSDSI), came into existence on 7th January 2014, with an objective of contributing to the next generation telecom standards and drive eco-system of IP creation. TSDSI has been constituted as an autonomous ‘not for profit’ Standards Development Organization for Telecom products and services in India. It is registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act XXI, 1860 and is recognized by the Department of Telecommunications, Govt. of India as India’s Telecom SDO.
TSDSI is now an SDO that aims at developing and promoting India-specific requirements, standardizing solutions for meeting these requirements and contributing these to international standards, contributing to global standardization in the field of telecommunications, maintaining the technical standards and other deliverables of the organization, safe-guarding the related IPR, helping create manufacturing expertise in the country, providing leadership to the developing countries (such as in South Asia, South East Asia, Africa, Middle East, etc.) in terms of their telecommunications-related standardization needs. A consensus-based approach is followed towards standards development by involving all stake holders – Government, Academia and Industry. TSDSI follows the principles of Openness, Transparency, Fairness, Consensus and Due Process in conducting its activities. It maintains technology neutrality and provide a uniform playing field for all of its members. The TSDSI is not for profit legal entity in Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode with participation from all stake holders including Government, service providers, equipment vendors, equipment manufacturers, academic institutes, and research labs.
TSDSI’s objective is to contribute to next generation telecom standards and drive ecosystem of IPR creation. TSDSI’s 44 members include top telecom service providers, manufacturers, software solution providers, R&D organizations, academia, industry associations, PSUs and government department.
Functions of TSDSI
- Develop standards to support new requirements based on research & innovation in the domain of telecommunications/ICT in India.
- Distil new items of research for standardization after analyzing prevalent standards for applicability to the India centric requirements.
- Take Indian requirements to global standards organizations;
- Creating and Safe-guarding related IPRs;
- Helping create standards-based manufacturing expertise in the country;
- Enforce a strictly methodical & transparent, open-to-all-members [Industry, Government,
- Academia] process while generating standards.
- Represent the views of its membership to DoT and other Government bodies on matters concerning policy, regulatory and standardization issues in the field of telecom
- Providing guidance and leadership to developing countries (such as in South Asia, Africa, Middle East, etc.) for their telecommunications related standardization needs
Standardization @ TSDSI
All technical activities are driven by member organizations of TSDSI. They bring perspective of end-users, service providers (providing ICT based services to end-users), service partners (supporting service providers for provisioning of ICT services as system integrators or management of services), innovators and policy makers. Standardization activities are triggered by technology innovations, market needs, regulatory and policy interventions. A member organization can initiate a proposal for study or for creation of a standard. These proposals are discussed by members in the relevant technical group and approved as a study or work item.
Work Program of TSDSI: Technical standardization activities are carried out through Study Groups (SG) and Working Groups (WG). At present, they have following Technical Groups:
- SG1 Wireless Systems Study Group: This SG is instrumental wireless telecom systems related standardization activities, which are the key-enablers for future communication systems.
- SG2 Services Study Group: Services play a major factor in driving the CAPEX, OPEX and various other parameters of a network.
- SG3 (Optical Access and Transport): TSDSI needs to ensure that transport issues specific to India like higher rate of fiber failure, higher microwave backhaul to optical backhaul ratio, varied regional environmental conditions, capex and opex constraints are studied and addressed through focused standardization activities under the aegis of separate TSDSI Study Group (SG).
- SG4-Security Study Group: The Security group has a broad scope of identification of essential requirements to ensure security assurance for cellular mobile telecom networks in India based on 3GPP SECAM SA3 work as related to fundamental approach, in consultation with various industry stakeholders.
- Energy Efficiency Group: The EE group is responsible for evaluating energy performance for telecommunication networks including access, user equipment, aggregation, core which includes underlying transport systems.
Details of various technical activities can be viewed on TSDSI website at http://www.tsdsi.org/standards/
Collaboration with International and other Forums
TSDSI is Partner Type I of oneM2M, one the leading forums driving M2M service layer standards. TSDSI is one of the 7 Organizational Partners of 3GPP and is also a constituent SDO of Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) – a voluntary forum of the world’s leading information and communication technologies SDOs.
TSDSI Alliances: TSDSI has signed cooperation agreements with the following international SDOs:
- Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB), Japan
- Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS), USA
- China Communications Standards Association (CCSA), China
- Continua Health Alliance, USA (IoT in Health)
- European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), Europe
- Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA), Korea
- Telecommunication Technology Committee (TTC), Japan
To know more please visit http://www.tsdsi.org/standards/
Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI)
Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI), established in 1966, is the leading automotive R&D organization of the country set up by the Automotive Industry with the Government of India. ARAI is an autonomous body affiliated to the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Government of India. The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, has recognized ARAI as a Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (SIRO). Further, ARAI is a prime Testing and Certification Agency notified by Government of India under Rule 126 of Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989.
ARAI has been playing crucial roles assuring safe, less polluting, more efficient and reliable vehicles. Working in harmony and confidence with its Members, Customers and Government it provides services and expertise in the areas of Engineering Services, Certification & Standardisation, Research & Development, Technology Development and Knowledge Initiatives.
Standards development activities of ARAI
Formulation and publishing standards for Automotive vehicles and for auto components, including Procedures for Type Approval and Certification of Vehicles for Compliance to Central Motor Vehicles Rules
The Standards are developed by Automotive Industry Standards Committee (AISC) set up under Central Motor Vehicles Rules – Technical Standing Committee (CMVR-TSC) by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, (Dept. of Road Transport & Highways), Govt. of India.
So far ARAI has published 177 Automotive Industry Standards and 2 Safety Standards. The List of Standards published by the AISC can be accessed at https://www.araiindia.com/Publish_AIS_Standards.asp
- Providing technical support to National Standing Committee on matters related to WP.29 (World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations) under the UNECE. This Committee establishes national policy and guidelines on the subject of harmonization of automotive regulations
Issue of Documents on Test Method, Testing Equipment and Related Procedures for Testing Type Approval and Conformity of Production (Cop) of Vehicles for Emission as per CMV Rules 115, 116 And 126 (CMVR TAP Documents)
The List of CMVR TAP documents can be accessed at https://www.araiindia.com/CMVR_TAP_Documents/Index.htm
Certification Activities of ARAI
ARAI also provides Homologation/ type approval, certification and laboratory services to the Indian as well as overseas auto industry.
For details of conformity assessment services see the listing of ARIA under Certification Bodies (hyperlink)
For more information please visit: www.araiindia.com